Democracy, with all its problems, also has its paradoxes. Regular elections lead to short government life-time.
Yet, while a stringent moralism held in check endemic subversion and anarchy, Darwinism and the machine analogy stimulated endless forms of self-consciousness.
If man could fashion and continually improve these engines, perhaps he could also engineer an improved society. Because evolution was at last… Fundamental questions The etymological origins of the term democracy hint at a number of urgent problems that go far beyond semantic issues.
A town or city? Is every member of the association entitled to participate in governing it?
If it includes only a subset of the adult population, how small can the subset be before the association ceases to be a democracy and becomes something else, such as an aristocracy government by the best, aristos or an oligarchy government by the few, oligos?
What political organizations or institutions will they need? Will these institutions differ between different kinds of associations—for example, a small town and a large country?
Should a majority always prevail, or should minorities sometimes be empowered to block or overcome majority rule? A majority of all citizens? A majority of voters?
Should a proper majority comprise not individual citizens but certain groups or associations of citizens, such as hereditary groups or territorial associations? Is democracy really better than aristocracy or monarchy? What conditions, in addition to this one, favour the continued existence of democracy?
What conditions are harmful to it?
Why have some democracies managed to endure, even through periods of severe crisis, while so many others have collapsed? Democratic institutions Since the time of the ancient Greeks, both the theory and the practice of democracy have undergone profound changes, many of which have concerned the prevailing answers to questions 1 through 3 above.
This change in turn entailed a new answer to question 3: Representative democracy would require a set of political institutions radically different from those of all earlier democracies. Another important change has concerned the prevailing answers to question 2. Until fairly recently, most democratic associations limited the right to participate in government to a minority of the adult population—indeed, sometimes to a very small minority.
Beginning in the 20th century, this right was extended to nearly all adults. Prehistoric forms of democracy Although it is tempting to assume that democracy was created in one particular place and time—most often identified as Greece about the year bce—evidence suggests that democratic government, in a broad sense, existed in several areas of the world well before the turn of the 5th century.Democracy is an ideal many people have struggled for.
Yet, different forms of democracy attract different forms of corrupting influences and challenges. This article attempts to explore these issues. The Public, the Political System and American Democracy 1.
Democracy and government, the U.S. political system, elected officials and governmental institutions.
A democracy is a political system with institutions that allows citizens to express their political preferences, has constraints on the power of the executive, and a guarantee of civil liberties. The Democracy Index is an index compiled by the UK-based company the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) that intends to measure the state of democracy in countries, of which are sovereign states and are UN member states..
The index was first produced in , with updates for , and the following years since then. The index is based on 60 indicators grouped in five different.
INTRODUCTION. The United States is - by size of electorate - the second largest democracy on the globe (India is the largest and Indonesia comes third) and the most powerful nation on earth, politically, economically and militarily, but its political system is in many important respects unlike any other in .
The question presents a false dichotomy. Democracy is primarily a political system while communism is primarily an economic system. Democracy and communism can exist together, in exclusion of one another, or neither may exist. While historically.