Evangelicals dominated early Australian Protestantism. Before European contact, indigenous people had performed the rites and rituals of the animist religion of the Dreamtime. Portuguese and Spanish Catholics and Dutch and English Protestants were sailing into Australian waters from the seventeenth century. Inthe expedition's leader, Pedro Fernandez de Quiroslanded in the New Hebrides and, believing it to be the fabled southern continent, he named the land:
These contacts were with explorers, fishermen and survivors of the numerous shipwrecks. There have been countless artifacts retrieved from these contacts. These people are generally regarded as being from the east Indonesian archipelago.
Macassan contact with Australia. There is some evidence of Islamic terms and concepts entering northern Aboriginal culture via this interaction. The prevailing point of view, expressed by St.
Augustine of Hippowas that "it is too absurd to say that some men might have set sail from this side and, traversing the immense expanse of ocean, have propagated there a race of human beings descended from that one first man.
Vergilius of Salzburgwas "that beneath the earth there was another world and other men"; while not much is known about Vergilius' views, the Catholic Encyclopedia speculates that he was able to clear himself from accusations of heresy by explaining that the people of the hypothetical Australia were descended from Adam and redeemed by Christ.
Ina young Jonathan Edwards wrote: And what is peculiarly glorious in it, is the gospelizing the new and before unknown world, Diversification religion australia which is so remote, so unknown, where the devil had reigned quietly from the beginning of the world, which is larger — taking in America, Terra Australis Incognita, Hollandia Nova, I say, that this new world should all worship the God of Israel, whose worship was then confined to so narrow a land, is wonderful and glorious!
The First Fleet brought tensions to Australia fuelled by historical grievances between Catholics and other Christians, tensions that would continue into the 20th century. The new settlers brought with them their religious traditions, such as Irish CatholicismScottish Presbyterianism and English Anglicanism among others.
Australian Aborigines suffered a decline during this period as they were dispossessed of their lands and diseases spread among their population. Christian churches organised missions during this period, formally intended to "civilise" Aboriginal communities and spread Christianity.
The overall consequences of this activity are still disputed, but it contributed to the decline of indigenous languages and beliefs. In Western Australia, the Anglican clergy saw themselves as pioneering a new society.
Besides the usual religious roles of leading church building and public worship they took a major part in charity, education and public debate. They attempted to refashion it in their own ecclesiastical image based on English models.
Drafted by the reformist attorney-general John Plunkettthe act established legal equality for Anglicans, Catholics and Presbyterians and was later extended to Methodists. There was a Lutheran population of German descent in South Australia. Other religions[ edit ] There were at least 15 Jews in the First Fleet, 14 convicts and one "free" child.
From the s Malay divers were recruited with most subsequently repatriated. Inthe government passed an act limiting immigration to those of European descent in what came to be known as the White Australia Policy.
By effectively limiting the immigration of practitioners of different faiths, this policy ensured that Christianity remained the religion of the overwhelming majority of Australians for the foreseeable future and, indeed, to the present day.
Notably, the constitution does not include a Bill Of Rights and, as a result, Australia's fundamental law has been criticised for its lack of explicit protection for several rights and freedoms.
However, Section of the Act to constitute the Commonwealth of Australia Australian Constitution provides that: The Commonwealth shall not make any law for establishing any religion, or for imposing any religious observance, or for prohibiting the free exercise of any religion, and no religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust under the Commonwealth.
Technically, this article does not affect the states' authority to legislate on religion, nor would it block federal legislation on religion aside from that establishing an official religion of Australia. In practice, though, the government respects these rights and contributes to the generally free practice of religion.
Inthe High Court of Australia defined religion as a complex of beliefs and practices which point to a set of values and an understanding of the meaning of existence. The ABS Census Dictionary defines "No Religion" as a category of religion which has subcategories such as agnosticismatheismHumanism and rationalism.
HREOC's  addressing the human right to freedom of religion and belief in Australia against article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights stated that despite the legal protections that apply in different jurisdictions, many Australians suffer discrimination on the basis of religious belief or non-belief, including members of both mainstream and non-mainstream religions, and those of no religious persuasion.
Demography of Australia People who identify as Christian as a percentage of the total population in Australia divided geographically by statistical local area, as of the census A question on religion has been asked in every census taken in Australia, with the voluntary nature of this question having been specifically stated since Inthe instruction "if no religion, write none" was introduced.
This saw a sevenfold increase from the previous census year in the percentage of Australians stating they had no religion. Sincethis percentage has progressively increased to Data on religious affiliation are used for such purposes as planning educational facilities, aged persons' care and other social services provided by religion-based organisations; the location of church buildings; the assigning of chaplains to hospitals, prisons, armed services and universities; the allocation of time on public radio and other media; and sociological research.
The census question about religion is optional, and asks "What is the person's religion? The census identified that The second-largest classification was the No religion — up from Oct 12, · The Role of Religion in Australian Globalization With the emergence of multi-faith Australia, the different religious affiliations are finding ways to protect their values, morals, traditions and religious practices but for some, their ideals led to conflict .
6 Religion,Cultural Diversity andSafeguarding Australia Religion,Cultural Diversity andSafeguarding Australia 7 However, as we shall see, secularism is only one aspect of Australian society, albeit important.
The recent Pew Global Attitudes Project (Pew. Religion in Australia is diverse. Section of the Constitution of Australia of prohibits the Commonwealth government from establishing a church or interfering with the freedom of religion; [note 1] however, the Australian population is predominantly grupobittia.com an optional question on the Census, % of the Australian population declared some variety of Christianity.
The Rise of Religious Schools in Australia Jennifer Buckingham ABC Religion and Ethics 1 Oct The defining change in schooling over the last two decades has been the diversification of.
What Is a Diversified Economy? A diversified economy is an economy that has a number of different revenue streams and provides nations with the ability for sustainable growth because there is not a reliance on one particular type of revenue.
This diversification provides nations with the security. What impacts has immigration had on Australia? Horizons Gallery.
What impacts has immigration had on Australia? The National Museum of Australia and the Horizons Gallery Written by Robert Lewis Tim Gurry David Arnold ISBN © National .