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Kenya - Agriculture Photo by: The rest of the land is arid or semiarid.
Farming in Kenya is typically carried out by small producers who usually cultivate no more than two hectares about five acres using limited technology. Although there are still important European-owned coffee, tea, and sisal plantations, an increasing number of peasant farmers grow cash crops.
From independence in to the oil crisis inthe agricultural sector expanded by undergoing two basic changes: Before World War II —45 ended, agricultural development occurred almost exclusively in the "White Highlands," an area of some 31, sq km 12, sq mi allocated to immigrant white settlers and plantation companies.
Since independence, as part of a land consolidation and resettlement policy, the Kenya government, with financial aid from the United Kingdom, has gradually transferred large areas to African ownership.
European-owned agriculture remains generally large-scale and almost entirely commercial. After the oil crisis, agricultural growth slowed as less untapped land became available. Government involvement in marketing coupled with inefficient trade and exchange rate policies discouraged production during the s.
Coffee production booms in the late s and in have in the past temporarily helped the economy in its struggle away from deficit spending and monetary expansion. Although the expansion of agricultural export crops has been the most important factor in stimulating economic development, much agricultural activity is also directed toward providing food for domestic consumption.
Kenya's agriculture is sufficiently diversified to produce nearly all of the nation's basic foodstuffs. To some extent, Kenya also helps feed neighboring countries. Kenya is Africa's leading tea producer, and was fourth in the world inbehind India, China, and Sri Lanka.
Black tea is Kenya's leading agricultural foreign exchange earner. Production in reachedtons. The tea industry is divided between small farms and large estates. The small-scale sector, with more thanfarmers, is controlled by the parastatal Kenya Tea Development Authority.
The estates, consisting of 60—75 private companies, operate on their own. Coffee is Kenya's third leading foreign exchange earner, after tourism and tea. Similar to the tea sector, coffee is produced on many small farms and a few large estates.
All coffee is marketed through the parastatal Coffee Board of Kenya. The suspension of the economic provisions of the International Coffee Agreement in July disrupted markets temporarily, driving coffee prices to historical lows.
Kenyan horticulture has become prominent in recent years, and is now the third leading agricultural export, following tea and coffee. Flowers exported include roses, carnations, statice, astromeria, and lilies.
Kenya is the world's largest producer and exporter of pyrethrum, a flower that contains a substance used in pesticides. The pyrethrum extract, known as pyrethrin, is derived from the flower's petals. A drop in production during the mids was due to increasing production costs, disease damage, and slow payment by the parastatal Pyrethrum Board of Kenya.
The growing demand for "organic" and "natural" pesticides has increased international demand for pyrethrin, despite the existence of synthetic chemical substitutes.
Kenya also produces sisal, tobacco, and bixa annatto a natural food coloring agent for export. Other important crops in were sugarcane, 5, tons; corn, 2, tons; wheat,tons; rice, 40, tons; and cotton, 5, tons.
Smallholders grow most of the corn and also produce significant quantities of potatoes, beans, peas, sorghum, sweet potatoes, cassava, bananas, and oilseeds. Also read article about Kenya from Wikipedia User Contributions: Anuj Thakrar May 14, 7: Flo Aug 15, It is simple and easy to understand.When asylum seekers’ applications are rejected in Finland, the authorities require that the applicant returns to their country of origin.
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