The ultimate list of history essay topics An Industrial Revolution in England essay is an excellent Industrial Revolution essay. Use this essay toexplain some Industrial Revolution effects. Or perhaps give a brief but analytical overview of the Industrial Revolution timeline. Alternatively, you could write an Industrial Revolution in Europe essay.
The steam engine was the energy behind the most advanced textile inventions, such as the spinning mule and the power loom. It symbolized the transition from human power in homes to machine power in factories. Moreover, the steam engine revolutionized transportation when it was applied to locomotives and ships.
So how did this amazing invention come about? And how did it work? The steam engine was originally invented in England to pull water out of coal mines.
For thousands of years, wood from local forests had been the main fuel in England, as well as the main material for shipbuilding and housing construction.
By the end of the 17th century, however, few forests remained Weightman So the English sought to find an alternative energy source for heating. They turned to coal, which was in great supply.
By the early s, the easy-to-reach open coal pits were gone, and mine shafts as deep as feet were dug to find it In these deep shafts, groundwater would eventually seep in and flood the tunnels. This seepage was dangerous for miners and expensive for mine owners. Miners used pots, hand pumps and, occasionally, windmills to drain the water.
Finally, inThomas Newcomen invented a simple engine that used steam to pump water out of coalmines. Boiled water created steam, which entered a chamber or cylinder, which pushed a piston up. The piston lifted a pump. Watch this animation to see it in action. But it could only create a pumping motion and not a rotating motion that might be used to grind wheat or move machinery.
In fact, it was so inefficient in its use of energy that nobody used it for any other purpose for over sixty years In the old engine, as you can see from the animation, a piston moved up and down as steam was injected: But this resulted in a waste of energy and a waste of time, as the piston cylinder changed temperature and had to be constantly reheated.
He suddenly understood that a separate cylinder—called a condenser—could be kept permanently cool while being connected to the piston cylinder, which would remain hot Putting the insight into practice, Watt added a second cylinder or chamber.
The steam would be sucked out of the piston chamber and into the new cylinder, cool off, condense, and thus form a vacuum that used atmospheric pressure to move the piston. Meanwhile, the cylinder with the moving piston remained hot as another injection of steam entered.
Known for this famous flash of insight, Watt was actually a relentless and careful experimenter, a student of the Scientific Revolution. In all his work, he used rigorous and precise scientific methods to test his ideas.
Three minutes into this video belowthere is a very clear animation and explanation of Newcomen's steam engine and what Watt did to make it so much more productive.
After years of struggling on his own to make the new steam engine work correctly, Watt successfully teamed up with the largest and most famous factory in the world, Soho Manufactory, which made jewelry, silverware, and tools in Birmingham, England.
The owner was looking for an energy source that was more powerful than water wheels. At Soho, Watt met and collaborated with the most skilled ironworkers and engineers in the country.
Watt continued to tinker and improve it so that steam could be injected into both sides of the piston cylinder, creating a double-acting piston. InWatt pressed on further to adapt the engine from a reciprocal up-and-down motion to a turning or rotary motion.
Now, the steam engine could supply consistent and cheap energy for all the latest textile inventions. The new steam engine could be harnessed to all these new inventions. Inthe year after Watt perfected the rotary steam engine, there were only two cotton mill factories in Manchester. Twenty years later there were more than He travelled to Northern Italy to steal designs for secret Italian machines that spun and wove the silk it is worth noting here that the Chinese had been spinning and weaving silk with simple looms for thousands of years before the Italians.
InLombe patented the ideas as his own in Great Britain and built a large building next to a river to use a water wheel to power the machines.
The mill was five stories high and employed men. But this silk factory came into mind years later when industrialists were looking for ways to power new textile inventions at one location.The second Industrial Revolution lasted from the midth century until the early 20th century and took place in Britain, continental Europe, North America, and Japan.
Later in the 20th century, the second Industrial Revolution spread to other parts of the world. These are only a few reasons why the Industrial Revolution had such a big impact on America.
The Industrial Revolution began in Britain and then spread to continental Industrial Revolution Essay 1 The Industrial Before the first industrial revolution, England's economy was based on its cottage industry.
Workers would buy raw. The Industrial Revolution in North America The industrial revolution started around It began in Britain and it spread through out the World. England was known as “the world’s workshop” because at that point in time, England was the major manufacturing center of the World.(Bailey) It took about ten years for the industrial revolution.
The Industrial Revolution in North America The industrial revolution started around It began in Britain and it spread through out the World. England was known as “the world’s workshop” because at that point in time, England was the major manufacturing center of the World.(Bailey) It took about ten years for the industrial revolution.
Industrial revolution in both America and England had similarities as well as differences. The main similarities between the two revolutions are that, Britain was the basis of both the American and English industrial revolutions. Industrial Revolution Essay.
Industrial Revolution: Impact On Society. redefine history. The Industrial Revolution was the great turning point in United States history. Never before in history had a period of growth been so great and so full of powerful sustaining change. Industrial Revolution in England started in the s and went.