Early life[ edit ] Richard was born on 2 October  at Fotheringhay Castlethe twelfth of 13 children of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville at the beginning of what has traditionally been labelled the " Wars of the Roses ", a period of "three or four decades of political instability and periodic open civil war in the second half of the fifteenth century",  between supporters of Richard's father a potential claimant to the throne of King Henry VI from birth  —" Yorkists "—in opposition to the regime of Henry VI and his wife, Margaret of Anjou and those loyal to the crown " Lancastrians ". At this time Richard was named Duke of Gloucester and made a Knight of the Garter and Knight of the Bath ; he was involved in the rough politics of the Wars of the Roses from an early age for example, Edward appointed him the sole Commissioner of Array for the Western Counties inwhen he was By the age of 17, he had an independent command. George joined his father-in-law's revolt against the king,  while Richard remained loyal to Edward, even though rumour coupled Richard's name with Anne Neville until August
Shakespeare, Act 5, Scene 9, painting by Nicolai Abildgaard. Now is the winter of our discontent Made glorious summer by this sun of York; And all the clouds that lour'd upon our house In the deep bosom of the ocean buried.
Richard is an ugly hunchback who is "rudely stamp'd", "deformed, unfinish'd", and cannot "strut before a wanton ambling nymph. He confides to the audience: I'll marry Warwick 's youngest daughter.
What, though I kill'd her husband and her father? The scene then changes to reveal Lady Anne accompanying the corpse of the late king Henry VIalong with Trestle and Berkeley, on its way from St Paul's cathedral to interment. She asks them to set down the "honourable load — if honour may be shrouded in a hearse ", and then laments the fate of the house of Lancaster.
Richard suddenly appears and demands that the "unmanner'd dog" carrying the hearse set it down, at which point a brief verbal wrangling takes place. Despite initially hating him, Anne is won over by his pleas of love and repentance, agreeing to marry him.
When she leaves, Richard exults in having won her over despite all he has done to her, and tells the audience that he will discard her once she has served her purpose.
The atmosphere at court is poisonous: The established nobles are at odds with the upwardly mobile relatives of Queen Elizabetha hostility fueled by Richard's machinations. Queen MargaretHenry VI's widow, returns in defiance of her banishment and warns the squabbling nobles about Richard.
William Shakespeare's Richard III was believed to have been written around Different scholars have debated its classification between a tragedy or historical play, and more than one version exist. At its base however, the play depicts the rise of a Machiavellian ruler, King Richard the III of England. There is some overlapping . Richard III is a play by William Shakespeare that was first performed in Richard III William Shakespeare. BUY SHARE. BUY! Home; Literature Notes ; Richard III Play Summary Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List. The Wars of the Roses () being over, Richard of Gloucester determines to gain the throne occupied by his brother, Edward IV. Dorset, it is learned, has fled to Britanny to join Henry.
Queen Margaret curses Richard and the rest who were present. The nobles, all Yorkistsreflexively unite against this last Lancastrianand the warning falls on deaf ears. Richard orders two murderers to kill Clarence in the tower. Clarence, meanwhile, relates a dream to his keeper. The dream includes vivid language describing Clarence falling from an imaginary ship as a result of Gloucester, who had fallen from the hatches, striking him.
Under the water Clarence sees the skeletons of thousands of men "that fishes gnawed upon". He also sees "wedges of gold, great anchors, heaps of pearl, inestimable stones, unvalued jewels". All of these are "scattered in the bottom of the sea".
Clarence adds that some of the jewels were in the skulls of the dead. He then imagines dying and being tormented by the ghosts of Warwick Anne's fatherand Edward of Westminster Anne's deceased husband. After Clarence falls asleep, Brakenbury, Lieutenant of the Tower of London, enters and observes that between the titles of princes and the low names of commoners, there is nothing different but the "outward fame", meaning that they both have "inward toil" whether rich or poor.
When the murderers arrive, he reads their warrant issued in the name of the Kingand exits with the Keeper, who disobeys Clarence's request to stand by him, and leaves the two murderers the keys.
Clarence wakes and pleads with the murderers, saying that men have no right to obey other men's requests for murder, because all men are under the rule of God not to commit murder.
The murderers imply Clarence is a hypocrite because, as one says, "thou One murderer insists Gloucester himself sent them to perform the bloody act, but Clarence does not believe him.
He recalls the unity of Richard Duke of York blessing his three sons with his victorious arm, bidding his brother Gloucester to "think on this and he will weep". Next, one of the murderers explains that his brother Gloucester hates him, and sent them to the Tower to kill him.
Eventually, one murderer gives in to his conscience and does not participate, but the other killer stabs Clarence and drowns him in "the Malmsey butt within".Richard III is a play by William Shakespeare that was first performed in Richard III William Shakespeare.
BUY! Home; Literature Notes ; Richard III Play Summary Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List. The Wars of the Roses () being over, Richard of Gloucester determines to gain the throne occupied by his brother, Edward IV.
Dorset, it is learned, has fled to Britanny to join Henry. Shakespeare's history King Richard III, with detailed explanatory notes and fun facts.
Disturbing and enthralling, Richard III is a gripping tragedy and one of Shakespeare's enduring successes. Give the gift of reading, now $ Story time just got better with Prime Book Box, a subscription that delivers hand-picked children’s books every 1, 2, or 3 months — at 40% off List Price.
Reviews: A short summary of William Shakespeare's Richard III. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Richard III. Welcome to the new SparkNotes! After King Edward dies, Richard becomes lord protector of England—the figure in charge until the elder of Edward’s two sons grows up.
King Richard III is one of Shakespeares most popular and frequently performed plays. Janis Lulls introduction to this new edition, based on the First Folio, emphasises the plays tragic themes – individual identity, determinism and choice – and stresses the importance of womens roles in the play.