Mattey, Senior Lecturer Version 2.
In this system, heavy bodies in steady fall indeed travel faster than light ones whether friction is ignored, or not and they do fall more slowly in a denser medium.
Four causes Aristotle argued by analogy with woodwork that a thing takes its form from four causes: His term aitia is traditionally translated as "cause", but it does not always refer to temporal sequence; it might be better translated as "explanation", but the traditional rendering will be employed here.
Thus the material cause of a table is wood. It is not about action. It does not mean that one domino knocks over another domino.
It tells us what a thing is, that a thing is determined by the definition, form, pattern, essence, whole, synthesis or archetype.
It embraces the account of causes in terms of fundamental principles or general laws, as the whole i. Plainly put, the formal cause is the idea in the mind of the sculptor that brings the sculpture into being. A simple example of the formal cause is the mental image or idea that allows an artist, architect, or engineer to create a drawing.
Representing the current understanding of causality as the relation of cause and effect, this covers the modern definitions of "cause" as either the agent or agency or particular events or states of affairs. In the case of two dominoes, when the first is knocked over it causes the second also to fall over.
The final cause is the purpose or function that something is supposed to serve. This covers modern ideas of motivating causes, such as volition. History of optics Aristotle describes experiments in optics using a camera obscura in Problemsbook The apparatus consisted of a dark chamber with a small aperture that let light in.
He also noted that increasing the distance between the aperture and the image surface magnified the image. Accident philosophy According to Aristotle, spontaneity and chance are causes of some things, distinguishable from other types of cause such as simple necessity.
Chance as an incidental cause lies in the realm of accidental things"from what is spontaneous". History of geology Aristotle was one of the first people to record any geological observations.
Empirical research Aristotle was the first person to study biology systematically,  and biology forms a large part of his writings.
He spent two years observing and describing the zoology of Lesbos and the surrounding seas, including in particular the Pyrrha lagoon in the centre of Lesbos.
He describes the catfishelectric rayand frogfish in detail, as well as cephalopods such as the octopus and paper nautilus. His description of the hectocotyl arm of cephalopods, used in sexual reproduction, was widely disbelieved until the 19th century.
For Aristotle, accidents, like heat waves in winter, must be considered distinct from natural causes. He was correct in these predictions, at least for mammals: Aristotle did not do experiments in the modern sense.Plato vs aristotle theory of knowledge The theory of knowledge (Epistemology) is the philosophical study of the nature, scope and limitation of what constitutes knowledge, its acquisition and analysis.
The fundamental issue that remains unsolved in epistemology is the definition of knowledge. Philosophers are divided on this issue with some. Plato and Aristotle's doctrines contrast in the concepts of reality, knowledge at birth, and the mechanism to find the truth.
Firstly, Plato's concept of reality contrasts with Aristotle's concept. Plato's theory of ideal forms claims that a perfect world exists beyond the world around us. 1. Plato dissociated intellectual knowledge from experience, and made the latter the occasion which gave rise to knowledge.
Aristotle, on the other hand, makes experience the foundation of all intellectual knowledge, and lays it down as a principle that intellectual cognition has its source. Plato Vs Aristotle Theory Of Knowledge Essay The theory of cognition (Epistemology) is the philosophical survey of the nature - Plato Vs Aristotle Theory Of Knowledge Essay introduction.
range and restriction of what constitutes cognition. its acquisition and analysis. The theory of knowledge (Epistemology) is the philosophical study of the nature, scope and limitation of what constitutes knowledge, its acquisition and analysis.
The fundamental issue that remains unsolved in epistemology is the definition of knowledge. Plato vs aristotle theory of knowledge The theory of knowledge (Epistemology) is the philosophical study of the nature, scope and limitation of what constitutes knowledge, its acquisition and analysis.
The fundamental issue that remains unsolved in epistemology is the definition of knowledge.