LandrethMatthew L. When the Fourteenth Amendment was passed inmaking all persons born in the United States citizens, Indians on reservations were specifically excluded. There were pragmatic reasons, beyond racism, to keep Native Americans from voting; given their large numbers, votes by Native Americans at the time would have wielded significant political power.
Jews for Jesus In his first of what has become a long career of successful cases before the U. Supreme Court, Jay Sekulow won a unanimous victory for religious free speech rights.
Jews for Jesus, a Messianic Jewish organization, engaged in a practice of Christian witnessing by passing out religious tracts to passersby at the Los Angeles International Airport. Sekulow approached this case from, what at the time was, a unique angle, arguing for the free speech rights of his clients instead of relying solely on the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment.
This approach resulted in a unanimous decision in favor of Jews for Jesus, and began what has become a fixture of First Amendment jurisprudence: Sekulow successfully argued that the Equal Access Act and the Constitution required that these students receive the same privileges to form a student club as other students on campus, regardless of the religious nature of their club.
In an decision, the Mergens Court upheld the constitutionality of the Equal Access Act, which requires public schools to allow student-initiated Bible Clubs or prayer groups equal access to meet on campus. The Supreme Court held that the Equal Access Act was constitutional because allowing equal access to religious clubs does not violate the Establishment Clause.
In fact, the Court explained that the Establishment Clause actually mandated that government be neutral with respect to religion. Kokinda ACLJ Chief Counsel Jay Sekulow served as lead counsel and presented the oral arguments in a case involving the regulation of literature distribution and fund solicitation on sidewalks in front of a post office.
A group set up a table to solicit funds and distribute literature on the sidewalk that ran between a parking lot and the post office.
In a deeply divided decision, the Supreme Court held that due to its location and purpose as the only way to enter or exit the post office that particular sidewalk was not a public forum open to unrestrained free speech activity.
But regulation of speech activity where the Government has not dedicated its property to First Amendment activity is examined only for reasonableness.
With a mandate to defend constitutional and religious rights, the ACLJ quickly engaged issues that focused on faith and freedom, blazing a legal trail that dramatically changed the landscape of religious liberty law.
Building on significant victories at the Supreme Court, the ACLJ has become one of the most respected and effective public interest law firms in the world.
The ACLJ's work expanded over the years with offices across the globe.
Law enforcement officials charged that the pro-life demonstrators were discriminating against women as a class of citizens. Sekulow argued that the protesters were not opposed to women in general, but to the practice of abortion; and thus, the year-old anti-discrimination law should not apply.
However, after eight months of deliberation, the Supreme Court ordered new oral arguments in the case. Speculating about the ordered reargument, the New York Times stated: That does not necessarily mean, however, that the Court was locked in a straightforward 4-to-4 stalemate in a case that presents several complex issues of statutory interpretation.
What began as A Call to Action television program, hosted by Sekulow on a Christian television network, was soon transformed into a weekly television program produced by the ACLJ. Whether it's defending faith and freedom before the U. Supreme Court or protecting the rights of pro-life advocates, ACLJ This Week takes an in-depth and comprehensive look at the issues of the day - providing interviews with top legal and Congressional decision-makers.
By providing answers to tough questions, ACLJ This Week enables viewers and supporters to mobilize and become involved. Center Moriches School District An evangelical church desired to rent a school facility for an evening showing of a film series produced by Dr.
James Dobson's Focus on the Family ministry.
The church's request for use was denied by school administrators because it was "church-related.In the first major legalchallenge to the Patriot Act, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) filed a lawsuit in July against Section searches.
The suit argues that these searches violate the Fourth Amendment's protection against unreasonable searches and seizures as well as First Amendment freedoms of speech and association.
On the Issues: Voting Rights. Atiba Ellis, Boden Visiting Professor, Marquette University Law School; Molly McGrath, American Civil Liberties Union Voting Rights Project Since the election, more than 20 states have enacted new voting laws.
Mission. Founded in , the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a nonprofit, multi-issue, ,+ member public interest organization devoted to protecting the basic civil liberties of all people in the United States.
American Civil Liberties Union of Delaware(breadcrumbs are unavailable) Issues. ATTENTION: Do Not Edit. prison reform, sentencing reform and privacy in an age of technology are all concerns of the ACLU-DE.
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Attorney General Democratic Primary Winner: Kathy Jennings; The People’s Platform is About You. And . The American Civil Liberties Union is closely affiliated with the communist movement in the United States, and fully 90 percent of its efforts are on behalf of communists who have come into. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a national organization that works daily in courts, legislatures and communities to defend the individual rights and liberties guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the United States.